Heavenly Music

Janice Kapp Perry Collection

Heaven on Earth

I Walk By Faith

Learn of Me

Love One Another

Song of Testimony

The Voice of the Spirit

I'll Find You My Friend

No Ordinary Man

I'm Trying To Be Like Jesus

In Quiet Grove

I'll Find You My Friend

In The Arms Of His Love

I Will Stand as a Witness of Christ 

His Hands


His Image in Your Countenance

How Great Shall Be Your Joy

Sci-fi technology

Sci-fi technologies that actually exists


Miss Philippines

Miss Philippines

Country of the Year 2013

Philippines - Beauty Pageant Powerhouse


Mechanism of Culture

Mechanism of Culture

Brass Plates 

Language and Writing
  • Kessing defines language as "a vocal symbolism of speech with its related bodily gestures and mechanical signals which gives precision and finesse to communication.
  • The American College Dictionary defines language as "any set or system of symbols used in more or less uniform fashion by a number of people who are thus enabled to communicate intelligently with one another." 

2. Characteristics of Language
  1. Age
  2. How language came to be
  3. A part of culture
  4. Growth and development
  5. Symbolism
  6. Elements

3. Elements of Language
  1. Phonology - a system consisting of sounds in human speech with significant meanings.  Every sound or set of sounds has a meaning.
  2. Grammar - the way of putting together words into a sentence according to definite rules so that a complete thought is expressed.
  3. Vocabulary - the meaning system of language; the collection of words of a language together with their respective significant and meaning.

4. Function of Language
  1. Communication
  2. Enculturation
  3. Promotion of nationalism
  4. Promotion of cooperation
  5. Promotion of peace
  6. Accumulation of knowledge

5. Mechanical Aids in Oral Communication
  1. Telephone
  2. Radio
  3. Television
  4. Video tape recording
  5. Motion picture
  6. Sound system

  • Writing is representing meaningful sound in a language by conventionalized graphic symbols.
  • This was invented and underwent evolutionary process.

7. Development of Writing
  1. Picture Writing or Pictograph
  2. Hieroglyphics
  3. Cuneiform
  4. Logographic Writing
  5. Ideographic Writing 
  6. Phonetic Writing
  7. Alphabetic Writing

8. Mechanical Aids to Writing 
  1. Typewriter
  2. Telegraph
  3. Printing press
  4. Photocopying machine
  5. Computer

9. Function and Importance of Writing 
  1. Long distance communication.
  2. Recording and preservation of information materials.
  3. Mass production of information materials.
  4. Facilitation of learning.

10.Mechanical Aids in both Oral Communication and Writing
  1. Videophone
  2. Cellular phone
  3. Android phone
  4. Lap top computer
  5. Multimedia computer
  6. Tablet
  7. Smart TV 

Elements of Culture

Trigona Stingless Honey Bee Colony, among of the best Government in the World.

Elements of Culture
1. Language
  • Language means of communicating information and experiences and passing on values and tradition.
  • One of the strongest unifying forces for a culture.
  • Language differences within culture: Dialect - local form of a language used in a particular place or by certain group. 
2. Religion
  • System of belief and worship.
  • It can serve as a unifying and dividing force.
  • it shapes daily life in the aspect of moral values, religious celebration and holidays as well as cultural expressions such as painting, sculpture, architecture music and dance.
  • Monotheism is a belief in one god.
  • Polytheism is a believe in many gods.
  • Atheism is a belief in no god.  
  • Major world religions are Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism.
3. Norms
  • Standard behavior which each society establishes.
  • Formal norms: written and severe.
  • Informal norms: understood but not written, generally not severe.
  • Mores: necessary for the welfare of the society.
  • Folkways: which govern every day behavior.
4.  Sanctions
  • Penalties and rewards for conduct concerning social norms.
  • Positive: pay, praises, incentives, word of gratitude, acknowledgment, awards and rewards.
  • Negative: fines, penalties, suspensions, threats, imprisonment, exile. 
5. Values
  • Collective concepts of what is good, bad, desirable, proper, improper, etc.
  • Influence people's behavior.
  • Criteria by which we evaluate others.
  • Values change over time. 
6. Art and Literature
  • Teach about a culture's values.
  • Promotes cultural pride and unity.
  • Be careful of:
  1. Ethnocentric : judging other culture by the standards of your own. Assuming your culture to be the best.
  2. Racism : belief that one racial group is naturally superior to another. Race is a culture thing it does not actually exist.
7. Social Groups

      Primary social groups are:
  • Family
  • Social classes
  • Ethnic group
8. Government
  • A system through which society maintains social order, provides public services, ensures national security and supports its economic well being.
  • Types:
  1. Democracy : people have supreme power.
  2. Republic : people choose leaders to represent them.
  3. Dictatorship : a ruler or a group holds power by force.
9. Economic System
  • Four types:
  1. Traditional : people produce most of what they need to survive.
  2. Market : basic economical questions are answered by buying / selling goods and services.
  3. Command : government controls answers to economic questions.
  4. Mixed : individuals makes some economic decisions, the government make others. 
10. Economic Activity
  • people in all cultures participates in economic activities in order to ensure that their needs are met - food, shelter, water, etc.
  • Geographers analyze how a culture
  1. utilizes its natural resources to meet their needs.
  2. produce, obtain, uses, and sell goods and services. 


Winter Olympics Figure Skating

Michael Christian Martinez (16) of the Philippines

Julia Lipnitskaia (15) of the Russian Republic European Champion 

Kim Yu Na - Republic of Korea 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic Champion 


Rules, Laws, the 10 Commandments

The 10 Commandments

  1. Huwag kang magkaroon ng ibang mga dios sa harap ko.
  2. Huwag kang gagawa para sa iyo ng larawang inanyuan o kawangis man ng anomang anyong nasa itaas sa langit, o ng nasa ibaba sa lupa, o ng nasa tubig sa ilalam ng lupa: Huwag mong yuyukuran sila, o paglilingkuran man sila; sapagka't akong Panginoon mong Dios, ang Dios na mapanibughain, na aking dinadalaw ang katampalasanan ng mga magulang sa mga anak, hanggang sa ikatlo at ikaapat na salin ng lahi ng mga napopoot sa akin; At pinagpapakitaan ko ng kaawaan ang libolibong umiibig sa akin at tumutupad ng aking mga utos.
  3. Huwag mong babanggitin ang pangalan ng Panginoon mong Diyos sa walang kabuluhan; sapagka't hindi aariin ng Panginoong walang sala ang bumangit ng kaniyang pangalan sa walang kabuluhan. 
  4. Alalahanin mo ang araw ng sabbath upang ipangilin. Anim na araw na gagawa ka at iyong gagawin ang lahat ng iyong gawain. Nguni't ang ikapitong araw ay sabbath sa Panginoon mong Dios: sa araw na iyan ay huwag kang gagawa ng anomang gawa, ikaw, ni ang iyong anak na lalake ni babae, ni ang iyong aliping lalake ni babae, ni ang iyong baka, ni ang iyong tagaibang lupa na nasa loob ng iyong mga pintuang daan: Sapagka't sa amin na araw ay ginawa ng Panginoon ang langit at lupa, ang dagat, at lahat ng nangaroon, at nagpahinga sa ikapitong araw; na ano pa't pinagpala ng Panginoon ang araw ng sabbath, at pinakabanal.
  5. Igalang mo ang iyong ama at ang iyong ina: upang ang iyong mga araw ay tumagal sa ibabaw ng lupa na ibinibigay sa iyo ng Panginoon mong Dios. 
  6. Huwag kang papatay.
  7. Huwag kang mangangalunya.
  8. Huwag kang magnanakaw.
  9. Huwag kang magbibintang sa iyong kapuwa.
  10. Huwag mong iimbutin ang buhay ng iyong kapuwa, huwag mong iimbutin ang asawa ng iyong kapwa, ni ang kaniyang aliping lalake o babae, ni ang kaniyang baka, ni ang kanyang asno, ni anomang bagay ng iyong kapuwa. - Exodo 20:1 - 17

7 Virtues and 7 Deadly Sins

7 Dangers