Elements of Culture (Mga Elemento ng Kultura)

Trigona Stingless Honey Bee Colony, among of the best Government in the World.

Elements of Culture
1. Language
  • Language means of communicating information and experiences and passing on values and tradition.
  • One of the strongest unifying forces for a culture.
  • Language differences within culture: Dialect - local form of a language used in a particular place or by certain group. 
2. Religion
  • System of belief and worship.
  • It can serve as a unifying and dividing force.
  • it shapes daily life in the aspect of moral values, religious celebration and holidays as well as cultural expressions such as painting, sculpture, architecture music and dance.
  • Monotheism is a belief in one god.
  • Polytheism is a believe in many gods.
  • Atheism is a belief in no god.  
  • Major world religions are Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism.
3. Norms
  • Standard behavior which each society establishes.
  • Formal norms: written and severe.
  • Informal norms: understood but not written, generally not severe.
  • Mores: necessary for the welfare of the society.
  • Folkways: which govern every day behavior.
4.  Sanctions
  • Penalties and rewards for conduct concerning social norms.
  • Positive: pay, praises, incentives, word of gratitude, acknowledgment, awards and rewards.
  • Negative: fines, penalties, suspensions, threats, imprisonment, exile. 
5. Values
  • Collective concepts of what is good, bad, desirable, proper, improper, etc.
  • Influence people's behavior.
  • Criteria by which we evaluate others.
  • Values change over time. 
6. Art and Literature
  • Teach about a culture's values.
  • Promotes cultural pride and unity.
  • Be careful of:
  1. Ethnocentric : judging other culture by the standards of your own. Assuming your culture to be the best.
  2. Racism : belief that one racial group is naturally superior to another. Race is a culture thing it does not actually exist.
7. Social Groups

      Primary social groups are:
  • Family
  • Social classes
  • Ethnic group
8. Government
  • A system through which society maintains social order, provides public services, ensures national security and supports its economic well being.
  • Types:
  1. Democracy : people have supreme power.
  2. Republic : people choose leaders to represent them.
  3. Dictatorship : a ruler or a group holds power by force.
9. Economic System
  • Four types:
  1. Traditional : people produce most of what they need to survive.
  2. Market : basic economical questions are answered by buying / selling goods and services.
  3. Command : government controls answers to economic questions.
  4. Mixed : individuals makes some economic decisions, the government make others. 
10. Economic Activity
  • people in all cultures participates in economic activities in order to ensure that their needs are met - food, shelter, water, etc.
  • Geographers analyze how a culture
  1. utilizes its natural resources to meet their needs.
  2. produce, obtain, uses, and sell goods and services. 


Unknown said...

ninest123 16.03
tiffany and co, uggs on sale, louis vuitton outlet, oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses, burberry, gucci outlet, ray ban sunglasses, nike free, replica watches, nike outlet, michael kors outlet, michael kors outlet, nike air max, tory burch outlet, louboutin outlet, louboutin shoes, michael kors, chanel handbags, louboutin, louis vuitton, christian louboutin outlet, louis vuitton, jordan shoes, ugg boots, nike air max, ray ban sunglasses, burberry outlet online, michael kors outlet, ugg boots, ugg boots, tiffany jewelry, replica watches, michael kors outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, prada outlet, michael kors outlet, ugg boots, oakley sunglasses, oakley sunglasses, cheap oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, prada handbags, polo ralph lauren outlet, longchamp outlet, louis vuitton, ray ban sunglasses, longchamp outlet, longchamp

Unknown said...

north face, hermes, nike air max, timberland, nike blazer, hollister pas cher, air jordan pas cher, hogan, sac guess, true religion jeans, sac longchamp, coach outlet, michael kors, air max, burberry, vanessa bruno, mulberry, louboutin pas cher, michael kors, nike roshe, true religion jeans, kate spade handbags, ralph lauren uk, ray ban uk, coach outlet, nike air max, oakley pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, tn pas cher, nike free run uk, nike roshe run, nike air max, michael kors, new balance pas cher, michael kors, coach purses, ray ban pas cher, replica handbags, hollister, nike free, abercrombie and fitch, true religion jeans, longchamp pas cher, lacoste pas cher, true religion outlet, north face, lululemon, converse pas cher, kate spade outlet, air force, vans pas cher

Unknown said...

nike roshe, giuseppe zanotti, valentino shoes, nike huarache, soccer jerseys, asics running shoes, lululemon, bottega veneta, nike air max, mac cosmetics, ralph lauren, north face outlet, ghd, hollister, baseball bats, birkin bag, mont blanc, soccer shoes, beats by dre, jimmy choo shoes, iphone 6s cases, iphone 6 plus cases, babyliss, hollister, louboutin, nfl jerseys, chi flat iron, nike trainers, hollister, new balance, wedding dresses, north face outlet, s5 cases, nike air max, timberland boots, ferragamo shoes, herve leger, iphone cases, longchamp, oakley, celine handbags, insanity workout, iphone 6 cases, p90x workout, reebok shoes, ipad cases, instyler, iphone 5s cases, vans shoes, abercrombie and fitch, mcm handbags, iphone 6s plus cases

Unknown said...

pandora charms, moncler, barbour, canada goose outlet, gucci, converse, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, louis vuitton, sac louis vuitton pas cher, canada goose outlet, karen millen, moncler, moncler, coach outlet, thomas sabo, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, canada goose, vans, ugg boots uk, montre pas cher, pandora charms, swarovski crystal, louis vuitton, ray ban, moncler, bottes ugg, moncler, louis vuitton, pandora jewelry, swarovski, supra shoes, canada goose, moncler, pandora jewelry, ugg pas cher, converse outlet, wedding dresses, juicy couture outlet, juicy couture outlet, replica watches, canada goose uk, barbour jackets, hollister, canada goose, canada goose, moncler outlet, louis vuitton, toms shoes, doudoune canada goose, links of london, lancel, marc jacobs, moncler
ninest123 16.03

Anonymous said...

Thank you, I need this for my reporting.

Blogger said...


Get professional trading signals delivered to your mobile phone daily.

Start following our signals NOW & make up to 270% a day.