Mechanism of Culture (Mekanismo ng Kultura)

Mechanism of Culture

Brass Plates 

Language and Writing
  • Kessing defines language as "a vocal symbolism of speech with its related bodily gestures and mechanical signals which gives precision and finesse to communication.
  • The American College Dictionary defines language as "any set or system of symbols used in more or less uniform fashion by a number of people who are thus enabled to communicate intelligently with one another." 
2. Characteristics of Language
  1. Age
  2. How language came to be
  3. A part of culture
  4. Growth and development
  5. Symbolism
  6. Elements
3. Elements of Language
  1. Phonology - a system consisting of sounds in human speech with significant meanings.  Every sound or set of sounds has a meaning.
  2. Grammar - the way of putting together words into a sentence according to definite rules so that a complete thought is expressed.
  3. Vocabulary - the meaning system of language; the collection of words of a language together with their respective significant and meaning.
4. Function of Language
  1. Communication
  2. Enculturation
  3. Promotion of nationalism
  4. Promotion of cooperation
  5. Promotion of peace
  6. Accumulation of knowledge
5. Mechanical Aids in Oral Communication
  1. Telephone
  2. Radio
  3. Television
  4. Video tape recording
  5. Motion picture
  6. Sound system
  • Writing is representing meaningful sound in a language by conventionalized graphic symbols.
  • This was invented and underwent evolutionary process.
7. Development of Writing
  1. Picture Writing or Pictograph
  2. Hieroglyphics
  3. Cuneiform
  4. Logographic Writing
  5. Ideographic Writing 
  6. Phonetic Writing
  7. Alphabetic Writing
8. Tools for Writing
  1. Pencil
  2. Pen
  3. Brush
  4. Chalk
  5. Stylus (ancient writing tool)
9. Mechanical Aids to Writing 
  1. Typewriter
  2. Telegraph
  3. Printing press
  4. Photocopying machine
  5. Computer
10. Function and Importance of Writing 
  1. Long distance communication.
  2. Recording and preservation of information materials.
  3. Mass production of information materials.
  4. Facilitation of learning.
11.Mechanical Aids in both Oral Communication and Writing
  1. Videophone
  2. Cellular phone
  3. Android phone
  4. Lap top computer
  5. Netbook
  6. Multimedia computer
  7. Tablet
  8. Smart TV 


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