2010/10/17

Bacolor, Pampanga





Photo 1995 Lahar Country

Villa de Bacolor the Athens of Pampanga for the Literature, Arts & Beauty of Women.

Former name Balen Baculud (Town Baculud).


1750 Ancestral Home

History

In the year 1762 after the fall of Manila to the English invaders, Governor General Simon de Anda retreated and made Bacolor the seat of government from October 6, 1762 to May 30, 1764 and practically served as the Capital of the Philippines. Through a decree of the King of Spain on November 9, 1765, Bacolor became "Villa de Bacolor", one of the only three Villas in the Philippines and was granted a Spacial Coat of Arms. Simon de Anda organized an army of natives with which he finally recaptured Manila from the British invaders.


19th Century Bacolor Provincial Capitol 

It was the former capital town of Pampanga until the provincial seat of government was transferred to neighboring City of San Fernando in 1904. The coming of the American Colonizers broke up the military form of government and instead political and economic reforms were introduced. A civil form of government was organized and was inaugurate on February 13,1901 by Com. William H. Taft which took place in the old " Escuala de Artes y Officios de Bacolor" 1861. (formerly named Pampanga School of Arts and Trade) now known as the Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University the first state university in Pampanga. The first Provincial Civil Governor was Don Ceferino Joven and the first Municipal President of Bacolor was Don Estanislao Santos. Pampanga was acknowledged as the first province to have organized civil government in the Philippines by General Grant, the then President of the United State of America.
Bacolor's festivities are the Feast of San Guillermo and Nuestra Senora del Santissimo Rosario (La Naval) which are celebrated every 10th day of February and 3rd Sunday of November, respectively. Now also called Makatapak Festival.
Bacolor took another significant time in the history when the Mt. Pinatubo erupted in 1991 and subsequent lahar flows between 1991 to 1995 devastated 95% of the whole town, virtually burying 18 out of its 21 progressive Barangays.
to date, eighteen years after devastation from the Mount Pinatubo eruption, Bacolor is starting to rebuild and recover into a more developed and progressive community. Don Guillermo Manabat is a rich landlord believed to be the founder of Bacolor. The town was completely buried under several feet of lahar from Mount Pinatubo, with with the most devastating flow covering the town centre in 1995. A landmark in the town is the church of San Guillermo (sunken church), and was one of the structures that was half-buried by the lahar flow. The church has since been renovated and is currently operational and may be accessed through what were once the second floor windows, now converted into doorways. The sunken church and town of Bacolor were used to shoot the 2009 drama series May Bukas Pa. Fantasy series SUGO 2005 of GMA 7.

Tourist Spot
  • Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes in Barangay Cabetican. Now a sunken shrine and the old one being renovated. And famous on its annual pilgrimage and barrio fiesta.
  • San Guillermo Parish Church (sunken church) in Barangay Cabambangan.
  • Death March Kilometer Posts in Mac Arthur Highway.
  • Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University (DHVTSU) oldest trade school in Far East & used as garrison of the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II.
  • Megadike Road & Lahar Canyon shared with Porac town.
  • Xevera Plaza in Barangay Calibutbut
  • Makatapak Festival

Villa de Bacolor



3 comments:

Anonymous said...

I binyayan ne ing balen Bacolor. Istuyan pamalita me ing istorya na.

Bradpetehoops said...

Wa pin para balu de ring tutuquing enerasyun. Bingut la pa canita o ela pa mipanganac. Ba rang balu ing casaquitan delanan tamu. At nanu ya talaga ing Balen Baculud a penibatan tamu.

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